Global Supply Chains and Corporate Responsibility

By Elena Rosenblum

In June, a Guardian investigation revealed abysmal labor standards in supply chains of the world’s largest shrimp farmer and Thailand’s largest agribusiness firm, Charoen Pokphand (CP) Foods. The investigation found that CP sources fishmeal from some suppliers that own, operate or buy from fishing boats manned under forced labor conditions — mostly from Cambodia, Myanmar, and Lao PDR – and sells the prawn to international supermarkets, such as Wal-Mart and Costco.

The incident casts light on one of the United States’ largest sources of shrimp, and highlights the need for more transparent global value chains (GVCs) and certification standards across industries.

Thirty-two percent of total U.S. prawn imports originate from Thailand, the world’s largest shrimp exporter, and 10 percent of these imports are farmed by CP Foods. A number of major supermarkets, Whole Foods, Carrefour, and ICA, have stopped buying from CP Foods and others are leveraging their market influence to drive a more transparent, sustainable, and humane supply chain.

Thai Boats

Moreover, a number of supermarket and food-service firms including Morrisons, Tesco, and Costco US held a three-day meeting with CP Foods the week of July 28 to create a taskforce to tackle trafficking and forced labor in the shrimp feed industry.

For its part, CP Foods responded with an operations-wide audit and the introduction of frequent, regular, and independent audits of all suppliers. They also increased research efforts to develop alternative protein sources to end dependency on unethically sourced fishmeal. Continue reading